Bill Tomlinson (2009)
A Proximate Mechanism for Communities of Agents to Commemorate Long Dead Ancestors
Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation
vol. 12, no. 1 7
For information about citing this article, click here
Received: 04-May-2008 Accepted: 07-Sep-2008 Published: 31-Jan-2009
|Figure 1. Community's average opinion of the dominance of all individuals that have ever lived, from newborns (at right) to long dead ancestors (at left). Black dots signify currently living agents, while hollow dots are deceased agents.|
|Figure 2. Percentage of living community that knows about a given individual (either through direct interaction or indirect communication), from newborns (at right) to long dead ancestors (at left). Black bars signify living agents, while gray bars signify deceased agents.|
|Figure 3. Reciprocity enables the average social capital to be higher in communities that perform ancestor veneration than in communities who communicate only Relationships involving living Persons|
BARRETT, L, Henzi, S, Weingrill, T, Lycett, J, and Hill, R (2000) Female baboons do not raise the stakes but they give as good as they get. Animal Behaviour, 59, pp. 763-770.
BROTHERS, L (1997) Friday's Footprint: How Society Shapes the Human Mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
COHEN, M, Riolo, R, and Axelrod, R (1999) The Emergence of Social Organization in the Prisoner's Dilemma: How Context-Preservation and Other Factors Promote Cooperation.
DE VRIES, H (1998) Finding a dominance order most consistent with a linear hierarchy: a new procedure and review. Animal Behaviour, 55, pp. 827-843.
DUNBAR, R (1993) Coevolution of neocortical size, group size and language in humans. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 16(4), pp. 681-735.
ENGH, A, Esch, L, Smale, L, and Holekamp, K (2000) Mechanisms of maternal rank 'inheritance' in the spotted hyaena, Crocuta crocuta. Animal Behaviour, 60, pp. 323-332.
HARCOURT, A, and de Waal, F (1992) Coalitions and Alliances in Humans and other Animals. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
HAUSER, M (1998) The Evolution of Communication. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
LI, L (2000) Ancestor worship: an archaeological investigation of ritual activities in Neolithic north China. Journal of East Asian Archaeology, 2(1), pp. 129-164. doi: 10.1163/156852300509826.
LUCERO, L. (2007) The Politics of Ritual. Current Anthropology 44(4). http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/full/10.1086/375870.
MCANANY, P (2000) Living with the Ancestors: Kinship and Kingship in Ancient Maya Society. University of Texas Press.
MECH, L (1999) Alpha status, dominance, and division of labor in wolf packs. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 77, pp. 1196-1203.
MEHRABIAN, A, and Russell, J (1974) An Approach to Environmental Psychology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
PEREIRA, M (1995) Development and social dominance among group-living primates. American Journal of Primatology, 37(2), pp. 143-175.
REYNOLDS, C (1987) Flocks, Herds and Schools: A Distributed Behavioral Model. In Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH 87, pp. 25-34.
SIMS, K (1994) Evolving virtual creatures. In Proceedings of the 21st annual conference on Computer graphics and interactive techniques, pp. 15-22. ACM.
STEADMAN, L, Palmer, C, and Tilley, C (1996) The Universality of Ancestor Worship. Ethnology, 35(1), pp. 63-76.
TOMLINSON, W (2002) Synthetic Social Relationships for Computational Entities. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Ph.D. dissertation, Media Arts & Sciences.
TRIVERS, R (1971) The evolution of reciprocal altruism. Quarterly Review of Biology, 46, pp. 35-57.
UPAL, M (2005) Simulating the Emergence of New Religious Movements. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation 8(1). http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/8/1/6.html.
WILKINSON, G (1984) Reciprocal food sharing in the vampire bat. Nature, 308(5955), 181-184. doi: 10.1038/308181a0.
WRANGHAM, R, and Peterson, D (1996) Demonic Males. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
YOUNGER, S (2004) The Effect of Communicating Normative Reputation on the Benefits of Resource Sharing in Simple Societies. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation 7(1). http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/7/1/5.html.
Return to Contents of this issue
© Copyright Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation,