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Actor Behaviour and Robustness of Industrial Symbiosis Networks: An Agent-Based Modelling Approach
By: Kasper Lange, Gijsbert Korevaar, Igor Nikolic, Paulien Herder, Volume 24 (3)
Abstract: Industrial Symbiosis Networks (ISNs) consist of firms that exchange residual materials and energy locally, in order to gain economic, environmental and/or social advantages. In practice, ISNs regularly fail when partners leave and the recovery of residual streams ends. Regarding the current societal need for a shift towards sustainability, it is undesirable that ISNs should fail. Failures of ISNs may be caused by actor behaviour that leads to unanticipated economic losses. In this paper, we explore the effect of these behaviours on ISN robustness by using an agent-based model (ABM). The constr ...