Citing this article

A standard form of citation of this article is:

Andras, Peter, Lazarus, John, Roberts, Gilbert and Lynden, Steven J (2005). 'Uncertainty and Cooperation: Analytical Results and a Simulated Agent Society'. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation 9(1)7 <http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/9/1/7.html>.

The following can be copied and pasted into a Bibtex bibliography file, for use with the LaTeX text processor:

@article{andras2005,
title = {Uncertainty and Cooperation: Analytical Results and a Simulated Agent Society},
author = {Andras, Peter and Lazarus, John and Roberts, Gilbert and Lynden, Steven J},
journal = {Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation},
ISSN = {1460-7425},
volume = {9},
number = {1},
pages = {7},
year = {2005},
URL = {http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/9/1/7.html},
keywords = {Agent-Based Modelling, Cooperation, Social Interaction Simulation, Uncertainty},
abstract = {Uncertainty is an important factor that influences social evolution in natural and artificial environments. Here we distinguish between three aspects of uncertainty. Environmental uncertainty is the variance of resources in the environment, perceived uncertainty is the variance of the resource distribution as perceived by the organism and effective uncertainty is the variance of resources effectively enjoyed by individuals. We show analytically that perceived uncertainty is larger than environmental uncertainty and that effective uncertainty is smaller than perceived uncertainty, when cooperation is present. We use an agent society simulation in a two dimensional world for the generation of simulation data as one realisation of the analytical results. Together with our earlier theoretical work, results here show that cooperation can buffer the detrimental effects of uncertainty on the organism. The proposed conceptualisation of uncertainty can help in understanding its effects on social evolution and in designing artificial social environments.},
}

The following can be copied and pasted into a text file, which can then be imported into a reference database that supports imports using the RIS format, such as Reference Manager and EndNote.


TY - JOUR
TI - Uncertainty and Cooperation: Analytical Results and a Simulated Agent Society
AU - Andras, Peter
AU - Lazarus, John
AU - Roberts, Gilbert
AU - Lynden, Steven J
Y1 - 2005/01/31
JO - Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation
SN - 1460-7425
VL - 9
IS - 1
SP - 7
UR - http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/9/1/7.html
KW - Agent-Based Modelling
KW - Cooperation
KW - Social Interaction Simulation
KW - Uncertainty
N2 - Uncertainty is an important factor that influences social evolution in natural and artificial environments. Here we distinguish between three aspects of uncertainty. Environmental uncertainty is the variance of resources in the environment, perceived uncertainty is the variance of the resource distribution as perceived by the organism and effective uncertainty is the variance of resources effectively enjoyed by individuals. We show analytically that perceived uncertainty is larger than environmental uncertainty and that effective uncertainty is smaller than perceived uncertainty, when cooperation is present. We use an agent society simulation in a two dimensional world for the generation of simulation data as one realisation of the analytical results. Together with our earlier theoretical work, results here show that cooperation can buffer the detrimental effects of uncertainty on the organism. The proposed conceptualisation of uncertainty can help in understanding its effects on social evolution and in designing artificial social environments.
ER -