Citing this article

A standard form of citation of this article is:

Gal&aacute;n, Jos&eacute; Manuel and Izquierdo, Luis R. (2005). 'Appearances Can Be Deceiving: Lessons Learned Re-Implementing Axelrod's 'Evolutionary Approach to Norms''. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation 8(3)2 <http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/8/3/2.html>.

The following can be copied and pasted into a Bibtex bibliography file, for use with the LaTeX text processor:

@article{gal_aacute_n2005,
title = \{Appearances Can Be Deceiving: Lessons Learned Re-Implementing Axelrod's 'Evolutionary Approach to Norms'},
author = \{Gal\'{a}n, Jos\'{e} Manuel and Izquierdo, Luis R.},
journal = \{Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation},
ISSN = \{1460-7425},
volume = \{8},
number = \{3},
pages = \{2},
year = \{2005},
URL = \{http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/8/3/2.html},
keywords = \{Replication, Agent-Based Modelling, Evolutionary Game Theory, Social Dilemmas, Norms, Metanorms},
abstract = \{In this paper we try to replicate the simulation results reported by Axelrod (1986) in an influential paper on the evolution of social norms. Our study shows that Axelrod's results are not as reliable as one would desire. We can obtain the opposite results by running the model for longer, by slightly modifying some of the parameters, or by changing some arbitrary assumptions in the model. This re-implementation exercise illustrates the importance of running stochastic simulations several times for many periods, exploring the parameter space adequately, complementing simulation with analytical work, and being aware of the scope of our simulation models.},
}

The following can be copied and pasted into a text file, which can then be imported into a reference database that supports imports using the RIS format, such as Reference Manager and EndNote.


TY - JOUR
TI - Appearances Can Be Deceiving: Lessons Learned Re-Implementing Axelrod's 'Evolutionary Approach to Norms'
AU - Gal&aacute;n, Jos&eacute; Manuel
AU - Izquierdo, Luis R.
Y1 - 2005/06/30
JO - Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation
SN - 1460-7425
VL - 8
IS - 3
SP - 2
UR - http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/8/3/2.html
KW - Replication
KW - Agent-Based Modelling
KW - Evolutionary Game Theory
KW - Social Dilemmas
KW - Norms
KW - Metanorms
N2 - In this paper we try to replicate the simulation results reported by Axelrod (1986) in an influential paper on the evolution of social norms. Our study shows that Axelrod's results are not as reliable as one would desire. We can obtain the opposite results by running the model for longer, by slightly modifying some of the parameters, or by changing some arbitrary assumptions in the model. This re-implementation exercise illustrates the importance of running stochastic simulations several times for many periods, exploring the parameter space adequately, complementing simulation with analytical work, and being aware of the scope of our simulation models.
ER -