Citing this article

A standard form of citation of this article is:

Martins, Andr&eacute; C. R. (). 'Replication in the Deception and Convergence of Opinions Problem'. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation 11(4)8 <http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/11/4/8.html>.

The following can be copied and pasted into a Bibtex bibliography file, for use with the LaTeX text processor:

@article{martins,
title = {Replication in the Deception and Convergence of Opinions Problem},
author = {Martins, Andr\'{e} C. R.},
journal = {Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation},
ISSN = {1460-7425},
volume = {11},
number = {4},
pages = {8},
year = {},
URL = {http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/11/4/8.html},
keywords = {Replication, Deception, Rational Agents, Epistemology, Opinion Dynamics},
abstract = {Reported results of experiments are usually trustworthy, but some of them might be obtained from errors or deceptive behavior. When an agent only read articles about experimental results and use the articles to update his subjective opinions about different theories, the existence of deception can have severe consequences. An earlier attempt to solve that problem suggested that reading replicated results would solve the problems associated with the existence of deception. In this paper, we show that result is not a general case and, for experiments subject to statistical uncertainty, the solution is simply wrong. The analysis of the effect of replicated experiments is corrected here by introducing a differentiation between honest and dishonest mistakes. We observe that, although replication does solve the problem of no convergence, under some circumstances, it is not enough for achieving a reasonable amount of certainty for a realistic number of read reports of experiments.},
}

The following can be copied and pasted into a text file, which can then be imported into a reference database that supports imports using the RIS format, such as Reference Manager and EndNote.


TY - JOUR
TI - Replication in the Deception and Convergence of Opinions Problem
AU - Martins, Andr&eacute; C. R.
Y1 -
JO - Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation
SN - 1460-7425
VL - 11
IS - 4
SP - 8
UR - http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/11/4/8.html
KW - Replication
KW - Deception
KW - Rational Agents
KW - Epistemology
KW - Opinion Dynamics
N2 - Reported results of experiments are usually trustworthy, but some of them might be obtained from errors or deceptive behavior. When an agent only read articles about experimental results and use the articles to update his subjective opinions about different theories, the existence of deception can have severe consequences. An earlier attempt to solve that problem suggested that reading replicated results would solve the problems associated with the existence of deception. In this paper, we show that result is not a general case and, for experiments subject to statistical uncertainty, the solution is simply wrong. The analysis of the effect of replicated experiments is corrected here by introducing a differentiation between honest and dishonest mistakes. We observe that, although replication does solve the problem of no convergence, under some circumstances, it is not enough for achieving a reasonable amount of certainty for a realistic number of read reports of experiments.
ER -