Citing this article

A standard form of citation of this article is:

Nakai, Yutaka and Muto, Masayoshi (2008). 'Emergence and Collapse of Peace with Friend Selection Strategies'. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation 11(3)6 <http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/11/3/6.html>.

The following can be copied and pasted into a Bibtex bibliography file, for use with the LaTeX text processor:

@article{nakai2008,
title = {Emergence and Collapse of Peace with Friend Selection Strategies},
author = {Nakai, Yutaka and Muto, Masayoshi},
journal = {Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation},
ISSN = {1460-7425},
volume = {11},
number = {3},
pages = {6},
year = {2008},
URL = {http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/11/3/6.html},
keywords = {Community, Carl Schmitt, a Friend and an Enemy, Tit for Tat, Coward, Evolutionary Simulation},
abstract = {A society consisting of agents who can freely choose to attack or not to attack others inevitably evolves into a battling society (a 'war of all against all'). We investigated whether strategies based on C. Schmitt's concept of the political, the distinction of a friend and an enemy, lead to the emergence and collapse of social order. Especially, we propose 'friend selection strategies' (FSSs), one of which we called the 'us-TFT' (tit for tat) strategy, which requires an agent to regard one who did not attack him or his 'friends' as a 'friend'. We carried out evolutionary simulations on an artificial society consisting of FSS agents. As a result, we found that the us-TFT results in a peaceful society with the emergence of an us-TFT community. In addition, we found that the collapse of a peaceful society is triggered by another FSS strategy called a 'coward'.},
}

The following can be copied and pasted into a text file, which can then be imported into a reference database that supports imports using the RIS format, such as Reference Manager and EndNote.


TY - JOUR
TI - Emergence and Collapse of Peace with Friend Selection Strategies
AU - Nakai, Yutaka
AU - Muto, Masayoshi
Y1 - 2008/06/30
JO - Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation
SN - 1460-7425
VL - 11
IS - 3
SP - 6
UR - http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/11/3/6.html
KW - Community
KW - Carl Schmitt
KW - a Friend and an Enemy
KW - Tit for Tat
KW - Coward
KW - Evolutionary Simulation
N2 - A society consisting of agents who can freely choose to attack or not to attack others inevitably evolves into a battling society (a 'war of all against all'). We investigated whether strategies based on C. Schmitt's concept of the political, the distinction of a friend and an enemy, lead to the emergence and collapse of social order. Especially, we propose 'friend selection strategies' (FSSs), one of which we called the 'us-TFT' (tit for tat) strategy, which requires an agent to regard one who did not attack him or his 'friends' as a 'friend'. We carried out evolutionary simulations on an artificial society consisting of FSS agents. As a result, we found that the us-TFT results in a peaceful society with the emergence of an us-TFT community. In addition, we found that the collapse of a peaceful society is triggered by another FSS strategy called a 'coward'.
ER -